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Plant-Incorporated Protectants (PIPs)/Genetically Modified Plants

Plants can be given genes that help the plants' bodies make substances to fight pests. These self-made pesticides are called "plant-incorporated protectants" (PIPs). PIP-producing crops are sometimes called "genetically modified" (GM) or "genetically engineered" (GE).

PIPs can help plants resist viruses, bacteria and insects. When PIP crops target insects, they can be called "insect-resistant." PIP-producing plants can help growers lower the amount of pesticides they use on their fields.

Some of the crops that can be made to produce PIPs are corn, soybeans, cotton, potatoes and plums. However, this does not mean that all of the crops (corn, soybean, etc.) you see in farmers' fields are making their own pesticides. Other forms of these crops are still conventionally or organically grown.

PIP plants are regulated as pesticides by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). EPA looks at the risks of each PIP before it can be registered as a pesticide. This review aims to protect human and environmental health. EPA considers several factors in these reviews:

Another genetic modification: Herbicide-tolerant plants

If you have questions about this, or any pesticide-related topic, please call NPIC at 800-858-7378 (8:00am - 12:00pm PST), or email at npic@ace.orst.edu.

Additional Resources:

Last updated January 25, 2019

Related Topics:

What are pests?

Learn about a pest

Identify a pest

Control a pest

Integrated Pest Management

What are pesticides?

Herbicides

Disinfectants

Fungicides

Insecticides

Natural and Biological Pesticides

Repellents

Rodenticides

Other types of pesticides

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