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Naphthalene References

Naphthalene:

  1. Toxicological Profile for Naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, and 2-methylnaphthalene; U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp.asp?id=240&tid=43 (accessed March 2010), updated Sept 2010.
  2. Bischoff, K. Naphthalene. Clinical Veterinary Toxicology; Plumlee, K. H., Ed.; Mosby: St. Louis, MO, 2004, pp. 163-164.
  3. Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED): Naphthalene; EPA 738-R-07-010; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.
  4. WHO. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans; International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization: Lyon, France, 2002; pp 367-435.
  5. Preuss, R.; Angerer, J.; Drexler, H. Naphthalene - An environmental and occupational toxicant. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 2003, 76, 556-576.
  6. Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB): Naphthalene; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine. http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB (accessed March 2010), updated June 2005.
  7. WHO. Naphthalene (PIM 363); International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organization. http://www.inchem.org/documents/pims/chemical/pim363.htm (accessed March 2010), updated Sept 2000.
  8. Bogen, K. T.; Benson, J. M.; Yost, G. S.; Morris, J. B.; Dahl, A. R.; Clewell, H. J., III; Krishnan, K.; Omiecinski, C. J. Naphthalene metabolism in relation to target tissue anatomy, physiology, cytotoxicity and tumorigenic mechanism of action. Reg. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008, 51, S27-S36.
  9. Buckpitt, A. R.; Boland, B.; Isbell, M.; Morin, D.; Shultz, M.; Baldwin, R.; Chan, K.; Karlsson, A.; Lin, C.; Taff, A.; West, J.; Fanucchi, M.; Van Winkle, L.; Plopper, C. G. Naphthalene-induced respiratory tract toxicity: metabolic mechanisms of toxicity. Drug Metab. Rev. 2002, 34 (4), 791-820.
  10. Reigart, J. R.; Roberts, J. R. Fumigants. Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings, 5th ed.; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999; pp 156-162.
  11. Valaes, T.; Doxiadis, S. A.; Fessas, P. Acute hemolysis due to naphthalene inhalation. J. Pediatr. 1963, 63, 904-915.
  12. Santucci, K.; Shah, B. R. Association of naphthalene with acute hemoyltic anemia. Acad. Emerg. Med. 2000, 7, 42-47.
  13. Molloy, E. J.; Doctor, B. A.; Reed, M. D.; Walsh, M. C. Perinatal toxicity of domestic naphthalene exposure. J. Perinatol. 2004, 24, 792-793.
  14. Phimister, A. J.; Lee, M. G.; Morin, D.; Buckpitt, A. R.; Plopper, C. G. Glutathione depletion is a major determinant of inhaled naphthalene respiratory toxicity and naphthalene metabolism in mice. Toxicol. Sci. 2004, 82, 268-278.
  15. Phimister, A. J.; Nagasawa, H. T.; Buckpitt, A. R.; Plopper, C. G. Prevention of naphthalene-induced pulmonary toxicity by glutathione prodrugs: roles for glutathione depletion in adduct formation and cell injury. J. Biochem. Mol. Toxicol. 2005, 19 (1), 42-51.
  16. Wilson, A. S.; Davis, C. D.; Williams, D. P.; Buckpitt, A. R.; Pirmohamed, M.; Park, B. K. Characterization of the toxic metabolite(s) of naphthalene. Toxicol. 1996, 114, 233-242.
  17. Papciak, R. J.; Malloy, V. T. Acute toxicological evaluation of naphthalene. J. Am. Coll. Toxicol. 1990, 1 (1), 17-19.
  18. Gaines, T. B. Acute toxicity of pesticides. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 1969, 14, 515-534.
  19. Shopp, G. M.; White, K. L., Jr.; Holsapple, M. P.; Barnes, D. W.; Duke, S. S.; Anderson, A. C.; Condie, L. W.; Hayes, J. R.; Borzelleca, J. F. Naphthalene toxicity in CD-1 mice: general toxicology and immunotoxicology. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 1984, 4, 406-419.
  20. Plasterer, M. R.; Bradshaw, W. S.; Booth, G. M.; Carter, M. W. Developmental toxicity of nine selected compounds following prenatal exposure in the mouse: naphthalene, p-nitrophenol, sodium selenate, dimethyl phthalate, ethylenethiourea, and four glycol ether derivatives. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 1985, 15, 25-38.
  21. West, J. A. A.; Pakehham, G.; Morin, D.; Fleschner, C. A.; Buckpitt, A. R.; Plopper, C. G., Inhaled naphthalene causes dose dependent clara cell cytotoxicity in mice but not in rats. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 2001, 173, 14-119.
  22. Witschi, H. R.; Pinkerton, K. E.; Van Winkle, L. S.; Last, J. A. Toxic responses of the respiratory system. Casarette and Doull's Toxicology: The basic science of poisons, 7th ed.; Klaassen, C. D., Ed.; McGraw Hill Medical: New York, 2008; p 613.
  23. Zuelzer, W. W.; Apt, L. Acute hemolytic anemia due to naphthalene poisoning. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 1949, 141 (3), 185-190.
  24. Desnoyers, M.; Hebert, P. Heinz body anemia in a dog following possible naphthalene ingestion. Vet. Clin. Pathol. 1995, 24 (4), 124-125.
  25. Health Effects Support Document for Naphthalene; EPA 822-R-03-005; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Health and Ecological Criteria Division, U.S. Governement Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.
  26. Grant, W. M. Toxicology of the Eye, 3rd ed.; Charles C. Thomas: Springfield, IL, 1986, pp 650-645.
  27. Coombs, D. 27. Naphthalene 4-week inhalation study in rats. Unpublished lab project no. LDA 1/921559, 1993, submitted to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency by Huntingdon Research Center, Ltd. EPA MRID 42934901 Reregistration Elegibility Decision (RED) Naphthalene; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008, p 14.
  28. Frantz, S.; Van Miller, J.; Papciak, R. Ninety-day (sub-chronic) dermal toxicity study with naphthalene in albino rats: final report. Unpublished project no. 49- 539, 1986, submitted to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency by Union Carbide Bushy Run Research Center. EPA MRID 40021801. Reregistration Elegibility Decision (RED) Naphthalene; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008, p 14.
  29. Shah, B. R.; Santucci, K. Naphthalene induced acute hemolytic-anemia in children with glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency - naphthalene has no legitimate place on the market as a moth repellent. Pediatr. Res. 1995, 37 (4), A144.
  30. Harden, R. A.; Baetjer, A. M. Aplastic anemia following exposure to paradichlorobenzene and naphthalene. J. Occup. Med. 1978, 20 (12), 820-822.
  31. Thomas, P.; Budiantara, L. Reproductive life history stages sensitive to oil and naphthalene in Atlantic croaker. Mar. Environ. Res. 1995, 39, 147-150.
  32. Abdo, K. M.; Grumbein, S.; Chou, B. J.; Herbert, R. Toxicity and carcinogenicity study in F344 rats following 2 years of whole-body exposure to naphthalene vapors. Inhal. Toxicol. 2001, 13, 931-950.
  33. NTP Technical Report on the toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of naphthalene (CAS No. 91-20-3) in B6C3F1 mice; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Toxicology Program: Research Triangle Park, NC, 1992; pp 35-36.
  34. Kokel, D.; Li, Y.; Qin, J.; Xue, D., The nongenotoxic carcinongens naphthalene and para-dichlorobenzene suppress apoptosis in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nat. Chem. Biol. 2006, 2 (6), 338-345.
  35. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS): Naphthalene (CASRN 91-20-3); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/NCEA/iris/subst/0436.htm (accessed March 2010), updated Jan 2008.
  36. Developmental toxicity study in rabbits: naphthalene. Unpublished report number PH 329-TX-001 85, 1986, submitted to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services by Pharmakon Research International, Inc. Toxicologial Profile for naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, and 2-methylnaphthalene; U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Subtances and Disease Registry: Atlanta, 2005; p 75.
  37. Developmental toxicity of naphthalene (CAS No. 91-20-3) administered by gavage to Sprague-Dawley (CD) rats on gestational days 6 through 15: Final study report and appendix; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Toxicology Program, TER91006: Research Triangle Park, NC, 1991, p 76.
  38. Anziulewicz, J. A.; Dick, H. J.; Chiarulli, E. E. Transplacental naphthalene poisoning. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1959, 78 (3), 519-521.
  39. Pellizzari, E. D.; Hartwell, T. D.; Harris, B. S. H., III; Waddell, R. D.; Whitaker, D. A.; Erickson, M. D. Pureable organic compounds in mother's milk. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1982, 28, 322-328.
  40. Lehmann, I.; Thoelke, A.; Rehwagen, M.; Rolle-Kampczyk; Schlink, U.; Schulz, R.; Borte, M.; Diez, U.; Herbarth, O. The influence of maternal exposure to volatile organic compounds on the cytokine secretion profile of neonatal T cells. Environ. Toxicol. 2002, 17 (3), 203-210.
  41. Turkall, R. M.; Skowronsi, G. A.; Abdel-Rahman, M. S. A comparative study of the kinetics and bioavailability of pure and soil-adsorbed naphthalene in dermally exposed male rats. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1994, 26, 504-509.
  42. Schafer, W. B. Acute hemolytic anemia related to naphthalene. Pediatrics 1951, 7, 172-174.
  43. Buckpitt, A. R., Evidence for hepatic formation, export and covalent binding of reactive naphthalene metabolites in extrahepatic tissues in vivo. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 1983, 225 (1), 8-16. 44. Eisele, G. R. Naphthalene distribution in tissues of laying pullets, swine, and dairy cattle. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1985, 34, 549-556.
  44. O'Brien, K. A. F.; Suverkropp, C.; Kanekal, S.; Plopper, C. G.; Buckpitt, A. R. Tolerance to multiple doses of the pulmonary toxicant, naphthalene. Toxicol. App. Pharmacol. 1989, 99, 487-500.
  45. West, J. A. A.; Buckpitt, A. R.; Plopper, C. G. Elevated air 46. way GSH reysnthesis confers protection to Clara cells from naphthalene injury in mice made tolerant by repeated exposures. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2000, 294 (2), 516-523.
  46. Van Heyningen, R.; Pirie, A. The metabolism of naphthalene and its toxic effect on the eye. Biochem. J. 1967, 102, 842-852.
  47. Bieniek, G. Urinary naphthols as an indicator of exposure to naphthalene. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 1997, 23, 414-420.
  48. Bieniek, G., The presence of 1-naphthol in the urine of industrial workers exposed to naphthalene. Occup. Environ. Med. 1994, 51, 357-359.
  49. Yang, M.; Koga, M.; Tawamoto, T. A study for the proper application of urinary naphthols, new biomarkers for airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1999, 36, 99-108.
  50. Howard, P. H. Naphthalene. Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemcials; Jarvis, W. F.; Sage, G. W.; Basu, D. K.; Gray, D. A.; Meylan, W.; Crosbie, E. K., Eds; Lewis Publishers: Chelsea, MI, 1989; Vol. 1, pp 408-422.
  51. Cerniglia, C. E. Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Biodegradation 1992, 3, 351-368.
  52. Jury, W. A.; Spencer, W. F.; Farmer, W. J. Behavior assessment model for trace organics in soil: III. Application of screening model. J. Environ. Qual. 1984, 13 (4), 573-479.
  53. Treccani, V.; Walker, N.; Wiltshire, G. H., The metabolism of naphthalene by soil bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 1954, 11, 341-348.
  54. Cerniglia, C. E., Microbial metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 1984, 30, 31-71.
  55. Bouwer, E. J.; McCarty, P. L.; Bouwer, H.; Rice, R. C. Organic contaminant behavior during rapid infiltration of secondary wastewater at the Phoenix 23rd Avenue Project. Water Res. 1984, 18 (4), 463-472.
  56. Southworth, G. R. The role of volatilization in removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from aquatic environments. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1979, 21, 507-514.
  57. Zepp, R. G.; Schlotzhauer, P. F. Influence of algae on photolysis rates of chemicals in water. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1983, 17, 462-466.
  58. Cerniglia, C. E.; van Baalen, C.; Gibson, D. T., Metabolism of naphthalene by the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria sp., strain JCM. J. Gen. Microbiol. 1980, 116, 485-494.
  59. Cerniglia, C. E.; Gibson, D. T.; van Baalen, C. Oxidation of naphthalene by cyanobacteria and microalgae. J. Gen. Microbiol. 1980, 116, 495-500.
  60. Atkinson, R. Kinetics and mechanisms of the gas-phase reactions of the hydroxyl radical with organic compounds under atmospheric conditions. Chem. Rev. 1986, 86, 69-201.
  61. Atkinson, R.; Arey, J.; Zielinska, B.; Aschmann, S. M., Kinetics and products of the gas-phase reactions of OH radicals and N2O5 with naphthalene and biphenyl. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1987, 21, 1014-1022.
  62. Gao, Y.; Collins, C. D. Uptake pathways of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in white clover. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43 (16), 6190-6195.
  63. Schwab, A. P.; Al-Assi, A. A.; Banks, M. K. Adsorption of naphthalene onto plant roots. J. Environ. Qual. 1998, 27, 220-224.
  64. Watts, A. W.; Ballestero, T. P.; Gardner, K. H. Uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in salt marsh plants Spartina alterniflora grown in contaminated sediments. Chemosphere 2006, 62, 1253-1260.
  65. Kipopoulou, A. M.; Manoli, E.; Samara, C. Bioconcentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in vegetables grown in an industrial area. Environ. Pollut. 1999, 106, 369-380.
  66. De Coensel, N.; Desmet, K.; Sandra, P.; Gorecki, T. Domestic sampling: exposure assessment to moth repellent products using ultrasonic extraction and capillary GC-MS. Chemosphere 2008, 71, 711-716.
  67. Chuang, J. C.; Callahan, P. J.; Lyu, C. W.; Wilson, N. K. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposures of children in low-income families. J. Expo. Anal. Environ. Epidemiol. 1999, 2, 85-98.
  68. Revised Ecological Risk Assessment for the Reregistration Elegibility Decision (RED) for Naphthalene; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Offices of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances, Environmental Fate and Effects Division, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.
  69. Varanasi, U.; Uhler, M.; Stranahan, S. I. Uptake and release of naphthalene and its metabolites in skin and epidermal mucus of salmonids. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 1978, 44, 277-289.
  70. Kelsey, J. W.; Alexander, M., Declining bioavailability and inappropriate estimation of risk of persistent compounds. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 1997, 16 (3), 582-585.
  71. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Naphthalene; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institure for Occupational Safety and Health. http://www.cdc.gov/NIOSH/npg/npgd0439.html (accessed March 2010), updated Sept 2005.

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