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Diazinon References

Diazinon:

  1. Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Diazinon; EPA 738-R-04-006; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.
  2. Tomlin, C. D. S. The Pesticide Manual: A World Compendium, 14th ed.; British Crop Protection Council: Hampshire, UK, 2006.
  3. Howard, P. E. Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals; Lewis Publishers, Inc.: Chelsea, MI, 1991; Vol. III, pp 209-221.
  4. Hornsby, A. G.; Wauchope, R. D.; Herner A.E. Pesticide Properties in the Environment; Springer-Verlag: New York, 1996, pp 83-84.
  5. Risks of Diazinon Use to the Federally Listed Endangered Barton Springs Salamander (Eurycea sosorum); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007.
  6. Ney, R. E. Fate and Transport of Organic Chemicals in the Environment, 2nd ed.; Government Institutes, Inc.: Rockville, MD, 1995, pp 9-24.
  7. I.R.E.D Facts Diazinon; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs. http://www.epa.gov/oppsrrd1/REDs/factsheets/diazinon_ired_fs.htm (accessed Jan 2008), updated May 2004.
  8. Pesticide Products. Pest-Bank [CD-ROM] 2007.
  9. Environmental Risk Assessment for Diazinon; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000.
  10. Timchalk, C. Organophosphate Pharmacokinetics. Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, 2nd ed.; Krieger, R., Ed.; Academic Press: San Diego, 2001; Vol. 2, pp 398, 936-939.
  11. Organophosphorus Cumulative Risk Assessment 2006 Update; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.
  12. Draft Toxicological Profile for Diazinon; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Atlanta, 2006.
  13. Reigert, J. R.; Roberts, J. R. Organophosphate Insecticides. Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings, 5th ed.; U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999; pp 34-40.
  14. Diazinon: Revised HED Human Health Risk Assessment for the Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000.
  15. Lorgue, G.; Lechenet, J.; Riviere, A. Clinical Veterinary Toxicology; Blackwell Science: Cambridge, MA, 1996; p 90.
  16. Peterson, M. E.; Talcot, P. A. Small Animal Toxicology, 2nd ed.; Elsevier: St. Louis, 2006; pp 526-527, 941-955.
  17. Cambell, A.; Chapman, M. Handbook of Poisoning in Dogs and Cats; Blackwell Science: Cambridge, MA, 2004; pp 200-204.
  18. WHO. Environmental Health Criteria 198 - Diazinon; International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland, 1998.
  19. Gokcimen, A.; Gulle, K.; Demirin, H.; Bayram, D.; Kocak, A.; Altuntas, I. Effects of diazinon at different doses on rat liver and pancreas tissues. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 2007, 87, 103-108.
  20. Hopper, K.; Aldrich, J.; Haskins, 20. S. C. The recognition and treatment of the intermediate syndrome of organophosphate poisoning in a dog. J. Vet. Emerg. Crit. Care 2003, 13 (1), 42-43.
  21. Wagner, S. L. Diagnosis and Treatment of Organophosphate and Carbamate Intoxication. Human Health Effects of Pesticides; Keifer, M. C., Ed.; Hanley and Belfus: Philadelphia, 1997; Vol. 12, pp 239-249.
  22. Thompson, C. M.; Richardson, R. J. Anticholinesterase Insecticides. Pesticide Toxicology and International Regulation; Marrs, T. C.; Ballantyne, B., Eds.; John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.: West Sussex, England, 2004; pp 89-127.
  23. Lotti, M. ; Moretto, A. Organophosphate-Induced Delayed Polyneuropathy. Toxicol. Rev. 2005, 24 (1), 37-49.
  24. Steenland, K.; Jenkins, B.; Ames, R.; O'Malley, M.; Chrislip, D.; Russo, J. Chronic Neurological Sequelae to Organophosphate Pesticide Poisoning. Am. J. Public Health 1994, 84 (5), 731-736.
  25. WHO. Diazinon Pesticide Data Sheet; International Programme on Chemical Safety, Food and Agricultural Organization and World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland, 1979.
  26. Gokalp, O.; Buyukvanli, B.; Cicek, E.; Ozer, M. K.; Koyu, A.; Altunas, I.; Koylu, H. The effect of diazinon on pancreatic damage and ameliorating role of vitamin E and vitamin C. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 2005, 81, 123-128.
  27. Draft List of Initial Pesticide Active Ingredients and Pesticide Inerts to be Considered for Screening Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/endo/pubs/prioritysetting/draftlist.htm (accessed Jan 2008), updated June 2007.
  28. Davis Jr., Brownson, R.C.; Garcia, R.; Bentz, B.J.; Turner, A. Family Pesticide Use and Childhood Brain Cancer. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1993, 24 (1), 87-92.
  29. Cantor, K. P.; Blair, A.; Everett, G.; Gibson, R.; Burmeister, L.F.; Brown, L. M.; Schuman, L.; Dick, F.R. Pesticides and Other Agricultural Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma among Men in Iowa and Minnesota. Cancer Res. 1992, 52, 2447- 2455.
  30. Daniels, J. L.; Olshan, A.F.; Savitz, D. A.; Pesticides and Childhood Cancers. Environ. Health Perspect. 1997, 105 (10), 1068- 1077.
  31. Slotkin, T. A.; Bodwell, B. E.; Levin, E. D.; Seidler, F. J. Neonatal Exposure to Low Doses of Diazinon: Long-Term Effects on Neural Cell Development and Acetylcholine Systems. Environ. Health Perspect. 2008, 116 (3), 340-348.
  32. Whyatt, R. M.; Barr, D. B.; Kinney, P.L.; Barr, J. R.; Andrews, H. F.; Hoepner, L. A.; Garfinkel, R.; Hazi, Y.; Ramirez, J.; Cosme, Y.; Perera, F. P. Contemporary-Use Pesticides in Personal Air Samples during Pregnancy and Blood Samples at Delivery among Urban Minority Mothers and Newborns. Environ. Health Perspect. 2003, 111 (5), 749-756.
  33. Kamrin, M. A. Pesticide Profiles: Toxicity, Environmental Impact and Fate; Lewis Publishers: Boca Raton, 1997; pp 157-159.
  34. Roberts, T. R.; Hutson, D. H. Metabolic Pathways of Agrochemicals - Part 2: Insecticides and Fungicides; The Royal Society of Chemistry: Cambridge, UK, 1999; pp 258-263.
  35. Organophosphorus Cumulative Risk Assessment - Determination of the Appropriate FQPA Safety Factor(s) in the Organophosphorus Pesticide Cumulative Risk Assessment; U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002.
  36. Garfitt, S. J.; Jones, K.; Mason, H. J.; Cocker, J. Exposure to the organophosphate diazinon: data from a human volunteer study with oral and dermal doses. Toxicol. Lett. 2002, 134, 105-113.
  37. CDC. Third National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Atlanta, 2005.
  38. Phillips, P. J.; Ator, S. W.; Nystrom, E. A. Temporal changes in surface-water insecticide concentrations after the phaseout of diazinon and chlorpyrifos. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41 (12), 4246-4251.
  39. Moore, M. T.; Cooper, C. M.; Smith Jr., S.; Cullum, R. F.; Knight, S. S.; Locke, M. A.; Bennett, E. R. Diazinon Mitigation in Constructed Wetlands: Influence of Vegetation. Water, Air, Soil Pollut. 2007, 184, 313-321.
  40. ToxGuide for Diazinon; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Atlanta, 2006.
  41. Morgan, M. K.; Stout, D. M.; Jones, P. A.; Barr D, B. An observational study of the potential for human exposure to petborne diazinon residues following lawn applications. Environ. Res. 2008, 107 (3), 336-342.
  42. Pesticide Data Program Annual Summary, Calendar Year 2006; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Services: Washington, DC, 2006.
  43. Dutta, H. M.; Richmonds, C. R.; Zeno, T. Effects of Diazinon on the Gills of Bluegill Sunfish Lepomis macrochirus. J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol. 1993, 12 (4), 219-227.
  44. Murphy, L. A.; Lewbart, G. A.; Meerdink, G. L.; Bargren, G. R. Whole-blood and plasma cholinesterase levels in normal koi (Cyprinus carpio). J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. 2005, 17, 74-75.
  45. Smith Jr., S.; Lizotte, R. E.; Moore, M. T. Toxicity Assessment of Diazinon in a Constructed Wetland Using Hyalella azteca. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2007, 79, 58-61.
  46. Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/criteria/drinking/dwstandards.pdf (accessed Dec 2007), updated 2006.
  47. CDC. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: Atlanta, 2005.

NPIC fact sheets are designed to answer questions that are commonly asked by the general public about pesticides that are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). This document is intended to be educational in nature and helpful to consumers for making decisions about pesticide use.

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