Slugs and Snails
People ask us about products used to control slugs and snails all the time. Slug and snail baits are widely available and can be harmful to people, pets and the environment if they are not used properly. As with any pest, it's important to learn about its biology before deciding on a control strategy that's appropriate for you.
The resources below are intended to familiarize you with the biology of slugs and snails and some of the various control methods. For local information on slug and snail control, consider talking to your local cooperative extension service.
If you have questions about slug and snail control, or any pesticide-related topic, please call NPIC at 1-800-858-7378 (8:00am - 12:00pm PST), or email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Slug and Snail Baits: Health Risks
- Keep Pets Safe Around Pesticides (p.1-Slugs and Snails) - Oregon State University Extension
- Taking the Bait: Metaldehyde Toxicosis - ASPCA
- Metaldehyde Toxicosis - ASPCA
- The Toxicity of Iron, An Essential Element - ASPCA
- Amendment to RED for Metaldehyde - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- Iron Phosphate Fact Sheet - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- Clinical, neurological and clinicopathological signs, treatment and outcome of metaldehyde intoxication in 18 dogs Yas-Natan et. al, 2007.
- How to Manage Pests - Slugs & Snails - University of California Statewide IPM Program
- Brown Garden Snail Fact Sheet - University of Florida
- Slugs - City of Seattle
- Slugs - University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
- Managing Slugs in the Greenhouse - University of Connecticut
- Slugs on Field Crops - Ohio State University Extension Service